 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Online Recognition of MultiStroke Symbols with Orthogonal Series",
Proc. 10th International Conference on
Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR 2009), July 2629 2009, Barcelona, Spain, IEEE Computer Society, to appear.
 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Confidence Measures in Recognizing Handwritten Mathematical Symbols",
Proc. Conferences on Intelligent Computer Mathematics 2009:
16th Symposium on
the Integration of Symbolic Computation and Mechanized Reasoning and
8th International Conference on Mathematical Knowledge Management,
(MKM 2009), July 1012 2009, Grand Bend, Canada, Springer Verlag
LNCS 5625 (to appear).
[PDF]
 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Improved Character Recognition through Subclassing and Runoff Elections",
Ontario Research Center for Computer Algebra Tecnical Report TR0901.
 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Tie Breaking for Curve Multiclassifiers",
Ontario Research Center for Computer Algebra Tecnical Report TR0902.
 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Online Computation of Similarity between Handwritten Characters",
Proc. Document Recognition and Retrieval XVI, (DRR 2009), Jan 2122 2009,
San Jose, California USA, pp. C1C10, Vol. 7247, SPIE and IS&T,
ISBN 9780819474971, ISSN 0277786X.
[PDF]
 Elena Smirnova and Stephen M. Watt
 "Communicating Mathematics via PenBased Computer Interfaces",
Proc. 10th International Symposium on
Symbolic and Numeric Algorithms for Scientific Computing, (SYNASC 2008),
Sept 2629 2008, Timişoara Romania, IEEE Computer Society (invited), pp. 918.
[PDF]
 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Online Stroke Modeling for Handwriting Recognition",
Proc. 18th Annual International Conference on Computer Science and
Software Engineering, (CASCON 2008),
October 2730 2008, Toronto, Canada, IBM Canada, ISSN 17057345,
pp. 7280.
[PDF 276 K]
 Stephen M. Watt
 "An Empirical Measure on the Set of Symbols Occurring in Engineering Mathematics Texts",
Proc. 8th IAPR International Workshop on Document Analysis Systems, (DAS 2008),
Sept 1719 2008, Nara, Japan, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 557564.
[PDF 275 K]
 Stephen M. Watt
 "Mathematical Document Classification via Symbol Frequency Analysis",
Proc. Towards Digital Mathematics Library, (DML 08), July 27 2008, Birmingham, UK, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 2940.
[PDF]
 Birendra Keshari and Stephen M. Watt
 "Online Mathematical Symbol Recognition using SVMs with Features from Functional Approximation",
Proc. Mathematical UserInterfaces Workshop 2008, (MathUI 08), July 27 2008, Birmingham, UK.
[PDF]
 Elena Smirnova and Stephen M. Watt
 "ContextSensitive Mathematical Character Recognition",
Proc. IAPR International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, (ICFHR 2008), August 1921 2008, Montreal, Canada, CENPARMI Concordia University, ISBN 1895193036, pp. 604610.
[PDF]
 Birendra Keshari, Sriganesh Madhvanath, Manoj Prasad A, Muthuselvam Selvaraj and Stephen M. Watt
 "Sharing Digital Ink in Heterogeneous Collaborative Environments",
Proc. IAPR International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, (ICFHR 2008), August 1921 2008, Montreal, Canada, CENPARMI Concordia University, ISBN 1895193036, pp. 580585.
[PDF]
 Stephen M. Watt
 "Analyzing Mathematical Corpora to Improve Mathematical Handwriting Recognition",
Proc. 4th European Workshop on Mathematical and Scientific eContents, September 1113 2008, Trondheim, Norway (refereed abstract).
[PDF]
 Oleg Golubitsky and Stephen M. Watt
 "Toward RealTime Recognition of Handwritten Mathematical Symbols",
Proc. Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation, (AISC 2008), July 31August 2 2008, Birmingham, UK (refereed abstract).
[PDF]
 Stephen M. Watt
 "Compact Methods for Modelling Handwritten Mathematical Symbols",
Proc. Applications of Computer Algebra, (ACA 2008), July 2730 2008, Linz, Austria (refereed abstract).
[PDF]
 Bruce W. Char and Stephen M. Watt
 "Representing and Characterizing Handwritten Mathematical Symbols Through Succinct Functional Approximation",
Proc. International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR), September 2326 2007, Curitiba, Brazil, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 11981202.
[PDF]
 Birendra Keshari and Stephen M. Watt
 "Hybrid Mathematical Symbol Recognition Using Support Vector Machines",
Proc. International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR), September 2326 2007, Curitiba, Brazil, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 859863.
[PDF]
 Stephen M. Watt
 "New Aspects of InkML for PenBased Computing",
Proc. International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR), September 2326 2007, Curitiba, Brazil, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 457460.
[PDF]
 Elena Smirnova and Stephen M. Watt
 "Aspects of Mathematical Expression Analysis in Arabic Handwriting",
Proc. International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR), September 2326 2007, Curitiba, Brazil, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 11831187.
[PDF]
 Birendra Keshari and Stephen M. Watt
 "StreamingArchival InkML Conversion",
Proc. International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR), September 2326 2007, Curitiba, Brazil, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 12531257.
[PDF]
 Elena Smirnova and Stephen M. Watt
 "A CrossApplication Architecture for PenBased Mathematical Interfaces",
Electronic Proc. Mathematical User Interfaces, (MathUI), June 27 2007, Hagenberg, Austria, http://www.activemath.org/workshops/MathUI/07/proceedings/SmirnovaWattMathInkMathUI07.pdf (5 pages).
[PDF]
 Stephen M. Watt
 "Improving PenBased Mathematical Interfaces",
Proc. 8th International Symposium on
Symbolic and Numeric Algorithms for Scientific Computing, (SYNASC 2006), Sept 2629 2006, Timişoara Romania, IEEE Computer Society, (refereed abstract).
[PDF]
 E. Smirnova and S.M. Watt
 "Combining Prediction and Recognition to Improve OnLine mathematical Character Recognition",
Ontario Research Centre for Computer Algebra (ORCCA),
University of Western Ontario, Research Report TR0606 (14 pages), 2006.
[PDF]
 E. Smirnova and S.M. Watt
 "A PenBased Mathematical Environment: Mathink",
Ontario Research Centre for Computer Algebra (ORCCA),
University of Western Ontario, Research Report TR0605 (16 pages), 2006.
[PDF]
 E. Smirnova and S.M. Watt
 "Survey on Methods for Mathematical Expression Analysis in Arabic handwriting",
Ontario Research Centre for Computer Algebra (ORCCA),
University of Western Ontario, Research Report TR0604 (6 pages), 2006.
[PDF]
 Clare M. So and Stephen M. Watt
 "Determining Empirical Characteristics of Mathematical Expression Use",
Mathematical Knowledge Management, (MKM 2005), July 1517 2005, Bremen Germany,
Springer Verlag.
Preprint.
[PDF 898 K]
 Elena Smirnova, Clare So, Stephen Watt, Xiaofang Xie
 Components for PenBased Mathematical Interfaces,
ACA 2005 Special Session on PenBased Mathematical Computing
July 31August 3, Nara, Japan.
Abstract.
[PDF, 29K] .
 Stephen M. Watt and Xiaofang Xie
 "Recognition for Large Sets of Handwritten Mathematical Symbols",
IEEE International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, (ICDAR 2005), 29 Aug1 Sep 2005, Seoul Korea.
Preprint
[PDF 29K].
 Xiaofang Xie and Stephen M. Watt
 "Handwritten Mathematical Symbol Recognition
for Computer Algebra Applications",
2005 East Coast Computer Algebra Day, (ECCAD 2005), March 12 2005, Ashland OH, USA (refereed poster).
 S. Watt and Xiaofang Xie
 "An Experimental Handwritten Mathematical Symbol Recognition System",
11th Annual East Coast Computer Algebra Day
, (ECCAD 2004), May 8 2004, Waterloo, Canada (refereed poster).
 Elena Smirnova and Stephen Watt
 "A Context for PenBased Mathematical Computing",
pp. 409422, Proc. Maple Conference 2005 , July 1721 2005, Waterloo Canada, Maplesoft.
[PDF 905 K].
 Stephen M. Watt and Xiaofang Xie
 "Prototype Pruning by Feature Extraction for Handwritten Mathematical Symbol Recognition",
pp. 423  437, Proc. Maple Conference 2005 , July 1721 2005, Waterloo Canada, Maplesoft.
[PDF 487 K]
 Kevin Durdle
 "Supporting Mathematical Handwriting Recognition through
an Extended Digital Ink Framework",
MSc thesis 2004,
[PDF 1007K].
 Xiaojie Wu
 "Achieving Interoperability of Pen Computing among
Heterogeneous Devices and Digital Ink Formats",
MSc thesis 2004,
[PDF 525K].
 Clare M. So
 "Organizing the Structure of Mathematical Expressions",
BSc thesis 2003,
[PDF 165K].
 Bo Wan and Stephen Watt
 "An Interactive Mathematical Handwriting Recognizer for the Pocket PC",
International Conference on MathML and Technologies for Math on the Web, 2002.
 Bo Wan
 "Interactive Mathematical Handwriting Analysis for the Pocket PC",
MSc thesis 2002.
 Arthur Louie
 "Mathematical Handwriting Analysis for the Crosspad Device",
BSc thesis 2000.
